Some people are born leaders. But, most of us develop into leaders over time. The core of that development is understanding some of today’s common leadership theories. But, you don’t need to wait until after you graduate to start learning about leadership and what makes a good leader. Starting to understand different leadership theories now will help you identify them and use them once you enter the workforce.
Weber: Leadership is Situational and the Best Leaders Uses a Variety of Styles
Weber (1948) describes three types of leaders, bureaucratic, charismatic, and traditional. He was the first leadership theorist to recognize that leadership is situational in nature and that leaders need to move from one leadership style to another to remain successful. [i] He also viewed leadership as two paradigms in which leaders work. These two paradigms are transactional and transformational. Transactional leaders, also referred to as charismatic leaders, usually approach things from different perspectives. In Weber’s theory they used charm and charisma to help them achieve their goals. [ii]
Burns: Moral vs. Amoral Leadership
Burns’ (1978) leadership theories add further insight and align with some of Weber’s thoughts on transactional and transformational leadership. Burns’ theories included a dimension of moral vs. amoral leaders. Burns’ characterizes transactional leadership styles into opinion, bureaucratic, party, legislative and executive. He further characterized transformational leaders into intellectual, reform, revolutionary, and charismatic. [iii]
Coleman: Emotional Intelligence and the Characteristics of a Leader
Coleman’s leadership theory of emotional intelligence attempted to answer the questions of what elements characterize a leader. His approach was more of a behavioral approach to describing leadership than either Burns’ or Weber. Coleman studied what behaviors made people effective leaders. His emotional intelligence is sometimes referred to as intelligence quotient or IQ. He believed that intelligence was not the sole character of a leader and that emotional intelligence is what separates leaders. Today’s leadership theories build upon principles of earlier theorists. Leadership abilities stem from the sum total of things learned. [iv]
Northouse: Ethics and Leadership
Northouse (2010) talked about the early writings on leadership in a set of working papers brought together by the W. K. Kellogg Foundation. In the papers, scholars examined how leadership theory and practice could be used to build a more caring and just society.[v] Northouse wrote, “In regards to leadership, ethics has to do with what leaders do and who leaders are,” (2010, p. 378) and explains that ethics direct the choices of decision-making, which affect a leader’s behavior.
Making sure you are up to speed on the different kinds of leadership theories and what it takes to be a good leader is an important starting place on your road to leadership. Below are a few key steps to becoming a good leader, according to the Executive Leadership Newsletter, published by the National Institute of Business Management (n.d.).[vi]
Leadership ethics are an important part of the leadership equation as recent as 1996.
These theories and steps can serve as a starting point as you visualize and develop your own leadership style. To determine your own leadership style, ask yourself the following questions:
About the Author:
Robin Laukhuf is an college instructor, entrepreneur, and designer. Currently she is working towards a Doctorate in Business. She has enjoyed working at Bryant and Stratton College for over 11 years. Her designs and articles have been published in many industry magazines.
[v] Northouse, P. G. (2010). Leadership theory and practice (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
[vi] National Institute of Business Management. (n.d.). Executive leadership. Retrieved from, http://www.ExecLeadership.com/
The “pay it forward” movement is not a new concept. According to Wikipedia, it dates all the way back to 317 BC where it was used as a key plot concept for a play in ancient Athens. There are small documented events of the “pay it forward” notion throughout history; however, it became a widely popular concept after the 2000 movie of the same name, which was based on the novel by Catherine Ryan Hyde.
The simplest way to define “pay it forward” is that when someone does something for you, instead of paying that person back directly, you pass it on to another person instead. One of the easiest examples of this is buying a coffee for the person in line behind you at the coffee shop and then they buy a coffee for the person behind them and so on.
What is the point of all this? Why do so many people live their lives according to the “pay it forward” principle? It has been proven that acts of kindness build exponentially in a community and because people believe that one good deed deserves another. “Paying it forward” can make the world a better place.
Have you ever done anything to “pay it forward?” Has anyone ever done a good deed for you? Tell us about it and how it made you feel in the comments below.
Pay it Forward. [Online image] Available http://yourcaringangels.com/blog/?p=1010, February 26, 2009.
For more information on Pay it Forward from Wikipedia, visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pay_it_forward.